Welcome to P.R.O.P.E.R Use
Empowering you with knowledge.
At BASF, we’re always working to improve the environmental protection, health and safety performance of our pesticides — from discovery and development to manufacturing, distribution, use, disposal and recycling.
When used responsibly, pesticides are a valuable tool to help protect food, businesses, homes and gardens from damage and to help control or eradicate disease-carrying pests.
This P.R.O.P.E.R Use guide is part of our commitment to promoting responsible pesticide use. We want to help professional pest control applicators ensure the P.R.O.P.E.R Use of BASF products when successfully treating one of the millions of homeowners’ homes with our pesticides.
Here, you’ll find valuable information on pests, best practices, environmental responsibility and plenty of additional resources — all to ensure the best results, and safety, possible.
P: Pest Identification, Application Sites and Pesticide Selection
When it comes to managing pests, you can’t begin until you know what you’re up against and you’ve identified the best pesticide to use. Here are some things to keep in mind as you do this:
What is the pest I want to control?
Identifying the type of pest you want to eradicate is the first step in selecting the best pesticide and treatment plan for the situation.
There are four main pest groups: Rodents, Insects, Spiders and Weeds. Within each group, there are different types of pests.
For example, within the Insect group – do you need to control a cockroach or an ant infestation?
Knowing the pest type is important to selecting the proper pesticide.
Where is the pest?
Once you’ve identified the pest, identifying where they are congregating, feeding and entering the building is critically important to select the best and safest pesticide and treatment plan.
There are several things to take into account when considering the area to be treated:
Will children or pets potentially come into contact with the treated area?
Some pesticides can be harmful to children and pets and may remain on the treated area long after application. The safety and health of people and pets must be prioritised and taken into account when using pesticides. Read the product label to learn how long you must wait after the pesticide is applied before allowing re-entry into the treatment area.
Is the area indoors, outdoors or both?
Some pesticides are only approved for indoor use, while others may only be approved for use outdoors, still others are approved for both indoor and outdoor use.
Will food come into contact with the treated area?
Never apply pesticides on surfaces where food is stored, prepared or consumed – including pets’ food. These “food contact surfaces” include kitchen countertops, plates, glasses and utensils. When treating a kitchen area, only use pesticides specifically approved for use in kitchens/food areas and in strict accordance with the label. Keep in mind that not all labels permit this type of application.
Could waterways such as rivers, lakes or storm drains be affected by the application?
Preventing pesticides from contaminating waterways is critical to maintaining a healthy environment. When using pesticides outdoors, always read and follow the label directions, check your local weather report, use common sense and act responsibly. Pesticide labels will have specific instructions you need to follow if rain is expected and will guide you on how to reduce the risk of pesticide run-off into storm drains, lakes, rivers or other bodies of water. It is a best practice to not apply pesticides outdoors if rain is expected within 24 hours.
Could pollinators (such as bees and butterflies) and wildlife be affected by the application?
Preventing pollinators and wildlife from coming into contact with treated areas is critical to maintaining a healthy environment. For example, when applying insecticides outdoors never apply it on flowering plants, unless the pesticide is labeled for such applications. When using rodenticides outdoors, they can pose a great risk if used incorrectly. It is recommended to ensure rodenticides are securely placed inside a tamper-resistant bait station and secured in such a way that wildlife, pets, and children do not have access to the product.
What is a pesticide?
According to the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA), which regulates all pesticides, these types of products include “any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling, or mitigating any pest.” Pesticides include chemicals or biological microorganisms intended for use as rodenticides, insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, or plant growth regulators.
Examples of pesticides include:
- Cockroach baits and sprays
- Flea and tick powders, sprays, wrist bands and pet collars
- Mosquito repellents
- Rodent bait (rat and mouse)
- Products that control insects, diseases, and weeds in lawns and landscapes
Which pesticide should I use?
When selecting a pesticide, choose a product specifically labelled for the particular pest and application site. For example, if you want to control cockroaches inside a domestic home including the kitchen area, choose a pesticide that is labelled for use for that particular cockroach or cockroaches in general and labelled for indoor use around kitchens and other food handling areas.
Also, consider that some pesticides are only for use indoors, while others are only for outdoor use. If you’re trying to control pests both inside and outside homes or businesses, you may need to use different pesticides. Always follow the pesticide label directions for indoor or outdoor uses.
Use the Solution Finder on our homepage to discover suggested products based on the pest, situation or solution type you're looking for.
If you have questions about which BASF pesticide may be best for your pest-control situation, you can always contact your local BASF representative on 0800 558 399.
Additional tips to ensure successful pest control:
To protect homes and businesses, simple preventative measures like caulking around windows and doors, installing and/or fixing windows screens, maintaining good housekeeping and hygiene practices by cleaning up food and drink spills, removing clutter and garbage, and storing food in sealed containers can help ensure successful pest control.
To protect lawns and gardens from pests and disease, clean up fallen leaves in ornamental beds, follow appropriate timings for weed control, apply pre-emergence herbicides before the target weed has germinated and if unsure, contact your local BASF specialist for proper identification of pests before making an application.
R: Read and Follow the Label
When it comes to pesticides, the product label is your most valuable resource on how to use the pesticide safely, effectively and responsibly.
Before purchasing any pesticide, be sure to read the label to confirm that:
- The pesticide will kill/control the pest(s) you need to manage.
- The pesticide can be used in the area in which you need to apply it, such as indoor use, outdoor use and/or kitchens/food prep and eating areas.
- The pesticide is a genuine, APVMA registered product.
Do not buy pesticides online from unknown sellers. Counterfeit products are illegal and a risk to you and the environment. Counterfeit may lack important information on the label. It is not easy to identify counterfeit products. These are typically presented in low quality labels and packaging materials.
When purchasing pesticides, and before every use, read the entire label so you can completely understand the product and the directions for use. Then follow the label directions exactly. If you have questions about product use, contact your local BASF representative on 0800 558 399.
O: On-Target Application and Responsible Use
Storage, application and record keeping must be as described in the current version of the New Zealand Standard for Management of Agrichemicals NZS8409.
When preparing to apply a pesticide, here are some things to consider to ensure that the product will work effectively, and that you use the product responsibly:
Read the label and use the required Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) like gloves, dust mask, eye protection or long pants/sleeves. PPE requirements are put on the label because the APVMA has assessed the product and determined that, without the required PPE, use of the product could be hazardous to you. ALWAYS use the required PPE when using pesticide products.
You can further minimize your risk by understanding the potential ways of exposure to the pesticide including on the skin, in the eyes and through the mouth and lungs. These exposure pathways are listed on the product label.
Keep children and pets away from the application area during application and for any time after application as required by the product label. This includes removing children's and pet’s toys and their belongings — such as food, water, toys and bedding — from the area to be treated. Then, follow the product label for re-entry instructions before letting children and pets back into the treated area.
If you’re using a pesticide bait (for example, for rodents, snails, slugs or insects), make sure that you are using the bait according to the label instructions to minimize access by pets and children. In most cases, this means using closed, lockable, tamper-resistant bait stations or placing the bait into inaccessible areas where the pests are found.
Keep all pesticide containers (new or used) out of children's and pet’s reach at all times.
Always use the correct amount of the pesticide. Manufacturers have conducted extensive testing on application rates for pesticides to ensure that the pesticide will work as intended with the least amount of pesticide required. Using more than the recommended amount of a pesticide will not give you any better results, and could lead to undesired outcomes like surface staining, run-off of excess product, etc. It will also waste your time and money and may violate the law.
Additionally, if you’re using a concentrated pesticide, be sure to follow label directions for dilution rates. Just like with application rates, using too much concentrate or improperly diluting the product will not give you better results and will end up costing you more and may violate the law. Also, mix only the quantity you need for each application to reduce waste.
If you are using a pesticide indoors, it is a best practice to temporarily turn off any air conditioning or heating system to reduce the possible movement of pesticide from the application area to another area of the home or business. Also, cover any fish tanks and temporarily turn off the pump if they’re in the application area.
If you’re applying pesticides outdoors, take steps to prevent unintended environmental contamination. Never apply pesticides in breezy or windy conditions and be mindful of the direction of the wind when spraying. If possible, you can also use a heavier setting on the hose or sprayer to increase the droplet size of the product: heavier and larger droplets are less likely to be carried by the wind. You should also ensure that rain or water from an irrigation system will not move the pesticide application away from the treated area before it has dried. Whether using a pesticide indoors or outdoors, if the pesticide moves from the target area during application, stop the application and clean it up as directed on the label.
In the event of a pesticide spill, keep people and pets out of the area until the spill is completely cleaned up. The label will also give you information on cleaning up spills. Finally, it is good practice to ensure that every application area is well ventilated before using the pesticide, and that the product has completely settled or dried in accordance with the label instructions before allowing people or pets to re-enter the area.
In the event of a medical emergency, contact the National Poisons Centre ‘0800 POISON’ (0800 764 766) or doctor for treatment advice. Have the product container or label with you when calling or going for treatment. You may also contact BASF Corporation for emergency medical treatment information (24-hour advice in an emergency only): BASF Emergency Advice Number 0800 944 955.
For 24-hour emergency hazmat incident response support of large-scale chemical spills contact the Emergency Services at 111.
P: Proper Waste Disposal
To maximize your safety and the safety of the environment, how you dispose of a pesticide is as important as how you apply it. Always follow your product’s label instructions on the proper disposal of unused pesticide.
DO NOT pour unused or waste pesticides:
- On areas or surfaces not listed on the product label
- Down a sink, toilet, storm drain, or sewer
- Near wells, ponds, rivers or lakes. This will help prevent contamination of groundwater and surface water
If your pesticide comes in concentrated form, you can reduce waste by mixing only the quantity of pesticide you need for each application. If you have extra material remaining – apply the product in additional areas according to label uses. Additionally, do not store excess mixed product in the sprayer or other container.
It’s not just the waste pesticide product itself that requires special handling. You should always handle empty pesticide containers according to the label. Importantly, never re-use or burn empty pesticide containers.
When cleaning pesticide application equipment, triple rinse handheld sprayers and other equipment at the treatment location site, so any residue stays within the application area.
BASF recommends that professionals follow industry best practices, which include triple rinse and recycling empty containers through Agrecovery (0800 247 326; www.agrecovery.co.nz). Product should be be disposed only according to the label instructions or at an approved landfill. Disposal of PPE and absorbent materials used during applications, and disposal of waste should be in line with local regulations.
E: Effective and Safe Storage
Just as with the other aspects of pesticide use, the label will give you all of the information you need on how to safely and effectively store the pesticide before and after use. Pesticides must be stored in their original container with an intact and legible product label, and containers must be securely closed when not in use.
BASF recommends that you follow these tips for responsible pesticide storage:
It is recommended to store pesticides in a locked cabinet or shed that is well-ventilated and safely protected from children, pets and food products.
The storage location should be protected against extreme heat or cold, direct sunlight, heat sources, open flames and flooding.
Store pesticides away from drains, wells and bodies of water where potential leaks could contaminate surface water and groundwater.
Periodically inspect containers for leaks or damage.
For extra precaution, store the original pesticide container in a drip pan, dish/tray with edges or other secondary container that can catch spills or leaks.
A few DO NOT's on pesticide storage:
- DO NOT store pesticides in non-original containers, and never in food or beverage containers.
- DO NOT store pesticides in cabinets with food or animal feed.
- If you use sprayers or other equipment for the pesticide application, DO NOT store the pesticide and water mixture in such equipment. Only mix what you need and properly dispose of any extra. Mixed pesticides do not have the same shelf life as the concentrated product.
- DO NOT stockpile pesticide products. Buy only the pesticide products you need today or within the next few days.
When using pesticides, remember that your greatest source of information is the label.
ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW LABEL DIRECTIONS.
You can quickly and easily find BASF product labels using the finder tool on our homepage
Finally, if you have questions about any BASF pesticide, we're always here to help.
Contact your local BASF representative on 0800 558 399.
The information contained in this website is provided only as general information, which may be incomplete or outdated. The materials are presented without any representation or warranty whatsoever regarding the accuracy or completeness of the information.
BASF disclaims all liability for actions you take or fail to take based on any content on this webpage.